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英国伯明翰大学Professors Glyn Humphreys and Jane Riddoch将于21日-24日访问我实验室

 

英国伯明翰大学Professors Glyn Humphreys and Jane Riddoch将于21日-24日访问我实验室,22日下午14:30-15:30在院429会议室举行学术报告。

 

简介:

Both Professors Humphreys and Riddoch are internationally renowned cognitive neuropsychologists. Professor Humphreys is one of the leading scientists in visual cognition, including visual attention, visual object recognition, and the relationship between perception and action. He has published over 500 journal papers and has written 16 books. In recent years, he has become a leading expert in human brain mapping, relating cognitive models to brain activities using PET and fMRI. Professor Riddoch is also a renowned cognitive scientist working in visual disorders, including disorders in attention and action, as well as neuropsychological rehabilitation. She was the President of the Birth Neuropsychology Society.

Professor Glyn Humphreys

Professor Glyn Humphreys' work focuses on understanding the functions and structure of the brain, particularly how we learn and process the world around us. This uses the newest functional MRI imaging techniques to visualise activity in the brain.

Much of Glyn’s work focuses on using discoveries about the brain to help patients with neuropsychological conditions like stroke recover more effectively. This requires an understanding of how damage to the brain’s structure affects actions like vision or movement.
Glyn is also one of the key researchers involved in harnessing the power of robotics with the University’s existing work in brain imaging. This opens the way for the development of robotic devices controlled by the brain that could be used in rehabilitation after brain injury or stroke.

For example, stroke patients with the disorder visual neglect don’t always notice things on the affected side of their body, and they often end up bumping into objects or failing to find what they are looking for. An assistive device that cues them to look to their bad side or that registers when an obstacle is approaching, would help patients become more independent.

Similarly, both stroke patients and patients with dementia can get mixed up when they are carrying out everyday activities like making a cup of tea. Having an intelligent environment that cues the patients as to which objects to use next can be useful in retraining independent living activities.

 

 

Prof Jane Riddoch

 Prof Jane Riddoch’main research interests involve the study of the processes involved in normal visual perception and cognition. As a starting point, I take the detailed study of individuals in whom the normal processes of perception and cognition have broken down. The effects of brain damage are very diverse (depending on exactly where the damage has occurred). Damage to the back of the brain resulting in problems of visual recognition so that the patient may fail to recognise common everyday objects or even members of their own family. Damage to other areas of the brain may affect the ability to use common objects appropriately; to access stored knowledge about the objects or to attend to particular locations in space.

Detailed study with people with disorders such as these give us some insight into the nature of the processes that are the necessary component parts of our visual abilities. Understanding the underlying framework of visual cognition is a necessary precursor to the devising of artificial intelligence systems on the one hand and to the devising of appropriate therapy for brain damaged individuals on the other.

 

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